August 18

The Art of Alfred Wallis, Naïve St Ives Genius

On the 18th of August 1855, fisherman and artist Alfred Wallis was born in Devonport, Devon, England. The son of Penzance parents, Alfred was an apprentice to a basketmaker before becoming a mariner in the merchant service by the early 1870s. He sailed on schooners across the North Atlantic between Penzance and Newfoundland. He married […]

August 17

The World’s First Cartoon: Fantasmagorie

On the 17th of August 1908, Fantasmagorie, the first fully animated feature film was released in Paris by the Gaumont company. Created by Emile Cohl, Fantasmagorie is considered one of the masterpieces of animated cinema and of early cinema as a whole. Done in a white-on-black style, reminiscent of a film negative, the film broke […]

August 16

Ub Iwerks: The Real Grandfather of Animated Cartoons

On the 16th of August 1930, Fiddlesticks, the first ever animated sound cartoon photographed in two-strip Technicolour, was distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in America. The 6:12 minute clip was the first part of the Flip the Frog series directed and drawn by Ub Iwerks, produced by Celebrity Pictures, with music by Carl Stalling. This ground-breaking cartoon […]

August 15

Amir Naderi: Iranian Cinema after the Revolution

On the 15th of August 1946, Iranian film director, screenwriter and photographer Amir Naderi was born in Abadan, Iran. He is considered one of the major directors of Iranian cinema before and after the Iranian Revolution (1978-79). Orphaned at a very young age, he was raised by a maternal aunt until he was old enough […]

August 14

Simeon Solomon, Infamous Jewish Pre-Raphaelite

On the 14th of August 1905, English Pre-Raphaelite painter Simeon Solomon died in London. He is famous for his dreamy paintings with subjects which often included scenes from the Hebrew Bible and genre paintings depicting Jewish life and rituals. Infamously, in 1873, at the age of 32, his career was cut short when he was […]

August 13

Gluck: Art, Cross Dressing and Women’s Emancipation

On the 13th of August 1895, British painter Hannah Gluckstein was born in London. She is best known by her self-given name, Gluck, chosen for the purpose of avoiding gender connotations. “The reason she gave for choosing to be known by this austere monosyllable was that the paintings mattered, not the sex of the painter.” (Diana Souhami, […]

August 12

Elizabeth Murray: Modernism Changing Shape

On the 12th of August 2007, American artist Elizabeth Murray died of cancer aged 66 in Washington county, N.Y. She was a painter, printmaker and draughtswoman and her works can be found in many major public collections, including those of the Guggenheim, the Hirshhorn, the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney, the Art Institute of Chicago […]