September 16

Karen Horney: Beyond Feminine Psychology

On the 16th of September 1885, German, U.S. based Neo-Freudian psychoanalyst Karen Horney was born in Blankenese, near Hamburg, Germany. Her theories famously questioned some traditional Freudian views, especially on sexuality and the instinct orientation in psychoanalysis. She is credited with founding feminist psychology in response to Freud’s theory of penis envy, disagreeing with Freud about […]

September 15

Grand Designs: André Le Nôtre and the Gardens of Versailles

On the 15th of September 1700, French landscape architect, and the principal gardener of King Louis XIV of France, André Le Nôtre died in Paris. Regarded as one of the greatest landscape designers of all time, Le Nôtre was responsible for the design and construction of such famous French gardens as Chantilly, Fontainebleau, Saint-Cloud, Saint-Germain, […]

September 14

Richard Gerstl, Self-Portraits of a Tortured Soul

On the 14th of September 1883, Austrian painter and draughtsman Richard Gerstl was born in Vienna; he is remembered for his insightful portraits and haunting self-portraits. He was born into a wealthy bourgeois family as the son of Emil Gerstl, a Jewish merchant, and Maria Pfeiffer, a Catholic woman who later converted to the faith. Against the wishes […]

September 13

Richard Hamilton: The British Roots of Pop Art

On the 13th of September 2011, English painter and collage artist Richard William Hamilton died in London, England. Commonly referred to as ‘the father of pop art’, he began his artistic career attending painting evening classes at Saint Martin’s School of Art, after which he enrolled at the Royal Academy in London. During World War II […]

September 12

The Lascaux Cave Paintings: Human Desire into Art

On the 12th of September 1940, prehistoric paintings were discovered in Lascaux, France on cave walls and ceilings seen today as some 17,000 years old. “The cave was discovered by four teenage boys in September 1940 and was first studied by the French archaeologist Henri Breuil. It consists of a main cavern (some 66 feet [20 metres] […]

September 11

Paintings of a Writer: Obscenity in the Art of D. H. Lawrence

On the 11th of September 1885, English novelist, poet, dramatist, essayist, and critic D. H. Lawrence was born in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, England. He was the fourth of five children born to a passionate but uneducated father and a serious, intellectually alive, and religiously devout mother. Her Congregationalist views were most influential on young Lawrence – […]

September 10

Elsa Schiaparelli: The Couturière and the Avant-Garde

On the 10th of September 1890, fashion pioneer Elsa Schiaparelli was born in Rome, Italy. She is remembered for her witty accessories, such as a purse in the shape of a telephone and reoccurring motifs such as masks, cages, and butterflies. She was also famous for creating garments with multiple uses, such as a skirt […]